cancer

Treatment Of Ovarian Cancer

Treatment Of Ovarian Cancer

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Diagnostic tests have defined the stage of ovarian cancer. This one directs the treatment put in place. Ovarian cancer treatments primarily involve surgery and chemotherapy.

Surgery is the most used treatment for treating ovarian cancer. It depends on the stage and, where possible, the situation of the woman and her wishes (woman still wanting pregnancies, menopausal woman …). Chemotherapy is often used in addition to surgery, either before or after surgery.

Ovarian Cancer: Early Surgery

When the surgeon discovers that the tumor is apparently located only in one or both ovaries, it is an early cancer. The surgery at this stage depends on the situation of the woman. In the menopausal woman or no longer desiring pregnancy, the surgeon removes both ovaries and the uterus after examining all organs of the abdominal cavity. Exams are routinely performed to ensure that this is a form of cancer limited to the ovaries.

In a woman desiring pregnancies two situations can arise. When a tumor is found only on one ovary, the surgeon takes samples from the ovary. If the examination reveals the presence of cancer cells, it removes the ovary on which these cells were found and can retain the other ovary. He then proceeds to a careful exploration of the whole peritoneal cavity and the ganglia as well as samples.

In the case where one or more tumors on the ovaries are detected, it is necessary to remove both ovaries. The surgeon can keep the uterus after examining it during the operation. Keeping the uterus in place allows menstruation through hormone replacement therapy. It also allows for pregnancy by donating

Treatment Of Ovarian Cancer

Ovarian Cancer: Advanced Surgery

Surgery for late-stage ovarian cancer – cancer cells in the abdominal cavity or in the lymph nodes – is different from surgery for early-stage ovarian cancer. In this case, the surgeon removes the two ovaries, the fallopian tubes, the uterus. Along with the reproductive organs, the epiploon (section of tissue from the top of the stomach to the underside of the transverse colon and small intestine that covers and supports different abdominal organs and blood vessels) and some lymph nodes lymphatics in the abdomen can be removed.

If you find that the cancer has spread throughout the abdomen, you will often try to extract as much cancer tissue as possible. This operation is called tumor volume reduction surgery. In some cases, after a first series of chemo-therapies, if the CT scan shows a regression of the lesions, a second intervention is proposed, called reassessment (or second look) to determine the follow-up to the treatment, or to complete the first surgery. if it was incomplete.

Chemotherapy of Ovarian Cancer

Surgery for ovarian cancer, whether at an early stage or at an advanced stage, is most often followed by 6 courses of chemotherapy . Only a few highly localized cancers or a few borderline tumors (tumors that often occur in younger women and have an excellent prognosis) do not require chemotherapy after surgery. Chemotherapy aims to reduce the risk of recurrence. For more details, visit this site.

Made before surgery, it can reduce the volume of the tumor and facilitate the operation. Chemotherapy has largely progressed in recent years, thanks to the arrival of new highly active drugs and new modes of administration of these products: in addition to chemotherapy by blood (intravenous or intra-arterial infusion), surgery intraperitoneal allows in some cases to act more rapidly on intra-pelvic tumor foci.

Then follow up, to ensure that there is no resumption of the tumor process. This monitoring, which must be regular and prolonged, is done through clinical examination, biology (CA 125 marker) and imaging.

5 Ways To Reduce The Risk Of Colon Cancer

5 Ways To Reduce The Risk Of Colon Cancer

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Colon cancer is the one of the leading causes of death in the United States. According to research that has been done, it was found out to kill an average of over 900 Americans every week. This type of cancer is very common for the people who are aged over 50 years. However the numbers have really gone down as colon cancer can now be prevented. Similarly, people living with this cancer can survive with it for a long time. Below are some of the common ways and changes in lifestyles that can go a long way in preventing the illness.

5 Ways To Reduce The Risk Of Colon Cancer

1. You should quit smoking as well as reduce your level of alcohol intake; Smoking is very common for causing lung cancer. However it has been known for causing the digestive system cancers. As much as it may be hard to quit smoking, you can get help from some of the society organizations that would help you quit successfully and you will start seeing the results as soon as you stop. In addition to quitting smoking, you should reduce your level of alcohol intake. Alcohol is known as one of the major risks of colon cancer. If you take less than two bottles daily, there is no harm but if you are taking more than this, it is a high time that you limit your drinking. This will go a long way in lowering the risk of contracting colon cancer.

2. Get screened for colon cancer; when it is developing, colon cancer start out as polyps and going for an early screening can help greatly in removing the polyps before they can develop into cancer. It important to talk to your health practitioner to know when and which tests would be right for you especially if you have cancer history in your family.

3. Ensure that you eat healthy foods; if you have been diagnosed with cancer, or you have a high risk of contracting colon cancer due to the family history of the disease, it is recommended that you focus on foods that fight cancer. You should focus more on diets that include; vegetables, fruits, and other whole grains that have been researched and proved that they lower the risk of getting colon cancer. As you take your food, it is important to ensure that your meal is rich in fiber. Ensure that you eat less red meat as well as other processed meats that increase the risk of contracting colon cancer.

4. Keep your weight in check; as you eat health and cancer fighting foods, you need to also keep your weight in check. Being obese and overweight increases the level of getting colon cancer. You should work out hard and do lots of exercises in order to reduce weight and fat especially around the waist.

5. Conduct regular activity; this helps a lot in keeping your body physically fit. It is also important in lowering the level of getting many serious diseases including colon cancer as well as giving you a good mental boost. However little the exercise might be, it is far much better than none. It is good to maintain a moderate level of exercise every day especially on the things that you love doing. You don’t have to do tedious activities.

With the above ways, you go a long way in not only preventing and/or surviving colon cancer, but also ensuring that your body is fit and healthy at any time.