Ovarian Cysts – Causes, Symptoms & Diagnosis

In women’s ovaries, there is sacs filled fluid and these are termed as ovarian cysts. Women have two ovaries of a size of a walnut which is located on both sides of the uterus. The function of ovary is to store and release eggs which are in a sac known as follicle. An egg grows in ovary until it gets signal from hormones to make itself an egg. As a result the uterus lining begins for the implantation of fertilized eggs initiating pregnancy. The ovarian cysts are found in ultrasound in form of bubbles surrounded by a thin wall. If the follicle fails to release eggs, it will take the form of cyst called functional cyst which affects women of all ages.

Ovarian Cysts – Causes, Symptoms & Diagnosis


There are many reasons of its formation and some of the most common are mentioned below;

  • Due to the history of previous ovarian cysts, it may reoccur after a long time of surgery.
  • One of the most important and common factors behind it is the irregular menstrual cycle.
  • Increased distribution of fat in the upper body portion may also result in it.
  • If a girl experiences early menstruation, it may also be one of the causes of its formation.
  • Infertility factor
  • Hypothyroidism or hormonal imbalance


The certain gathering of fluid encircled by a thin wall in ovary larger than two centimeters is now a common problem. This problem occurs mostly during child bearing years. Below are some of the major symptoms of it;

  • Dull, severe, sudden and sharp feeling of pain and discomfort in the lower abdominal area as pelvis, vagina, lower back or thighs is the main and common symptom. The pain could be on one or both sides.
  • Tenderness in breast, but it is a less common one.
  • Feeling of fullness, heaviness, pressure, swelling or bleeding in abdomen
  • Pain during or after menstrual period
  • Irregular menstrual periods
  • Abnormal uterine bleeding or spotting
  • Extraordinary weight gain


When a woman starts experiencing any of the above mentioned symptoms, a proper check-up is necessary to diagnose ovarian cysts. Ultrasound is a common procedure of testing and examination. An Axial CTC can also better demonstrate a large hemorrhagic ovarian cyst. Normally the size is 2cm which is sighted and it is rarely bigger than 2cm. Generally, ultrasound or CT scan is the best and common procedures to diagnose it.

Health and Social Problems

Due to ovarian cysts, women are facing a lot of health issues in their social life as well as professional life. After surgical treatment, a number of mental issues raise to which there is no stop. The menstrual pain during working hours may lead them to lower down their performance and efficiency. Psychologically they start feeling themselves low self-esteem as compared to the other women.

From the health point of view bloating, strange pain in ribs, headache, fatigue, and infertility are the other main problems which they start facing. Overall these problems affect women’s personal and professional life. So a proper and on-time diagnosis is highly recommended when the signs are noted.




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